ISRO has created history in the field of space research as it proudly launched PSLV C37/Cartosat-2 series satellite on Wednesday, 15 February 2017 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. This launch is historic because of unprecedented and unmatched launch of a record 104 satellites will be there from a single rocket from Satish Dhawan Space Centre. The interesting point to take note of is that out of 104, a meagre 3 satellites belong to India and one will be stupefied to transpire that rest 101 belong to the beacons of development, the masters in the field, USA, Germany and many other nations. Earlier, ISRO has successfully launched record by launching 20 satellites at one go. The highest number of satellites launched in a single mission is 37, a record that Russia set in 2014. The US space agency NASA launched 29 from a single rocket, but 104 is too big a number to come up with.
What are some of India’s remarkable feats in Space research?
India is among the topmost countries in the world in the field of scientific research, positioned as one of the top five nations in the field of space exploration. The country has regularly undertaken space missions, including missions to the moon and the famed Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). There is nothing to hide about the exploits of ISRO. Notable of them are :
1. 27 satellites including 11 that facilitate the communication network to the country are operational, establishing India’s progress in the space technology domain. India is likely to take a leading role in launching satellites for the SAARC nations, generating revenue by offering its space facilities for use to other countries.
2. The Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C35 (PSLV-C35) has successfully placed eight different satellites in a single rocket mission, including SCATSAT-1 for weather related studies, five foreign satellites and two satellites from Indian academic institutes into orbit.
3. The Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle-F05 (GSLV) successfully launched India’s weather satellite INSAT-3DR into space, which will provide meteorological services and assist search and rescue operations of security agencies including all defence forces, the coast guard, and in shipping industry. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) plans to partner with private firms to jointly build a navigation satellite that it would launch by March 2017, which would allow the space agency to free its resources to focus on research and deep space missions.
4. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has completed its mission of developing India’s independent navigation system by launching Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS – 1G), the seventh and final navigation satellite, which will reduce the country’s dependency on US Global Positioning System.
5. India is the first Asian country to successfully place a Mars orbiter and the only country in history to do so in the first attempt. India became the fourth space agency in the world to send a spacecraft to Mars, only behind United States, Russia, and the European Union., Chandrayaan 1 in 2008
6. ISRO has demonstrated its re-entry technology and till date has launched as many as 74 foreign satellites belonging to global customers from 20 countries including US, Germany, France, Japan, Canada, U.K. All of these have been launched successfully by PSLVs so far, gaining significant expertise in space technologies. In June 2016, India set a record by launching 20 satellites simultaneously.
How did PSLV C37 come into picture?
During the 18th SAARC summit held in Nepal in 2014, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi mooted the idea of a satellite serving the needs of SAARC member nations, part of his Neighbourhood first policy. Although the satellite is intended to serve the SAARC region, Pakistan has opted out of the program,while Afghanistan and Bangladesh have not pledged their commitment.The proposed satellite enables full range of applications and services in the areas of telecommunication and broadcasting applications viz television (TV), direct-to-home (DTH), very small aperture terminals (VSATs), tele-education, tele-medicine and disaster management support. India is the only country in the SAARC that has the capability to launch and operate satellites in space.
What are some probable benefits to ISRO and India with the launch of PSLV C37 ?
1. With this launch, ISRO will be able to recover half of the total cost used for the launch of 104 satellites.
2. With the launching of commercial satellites for communication, wealth, atmospheric research etc. in space, India will be commercially benefitted.
3. Other nations cannot afford to launch those satellites and other projects in Space which conflict with those of India’s.
4. Indian scientists will be invited and included in to research projects all over the world.
5. India will hold a place of strategic importance in space.
6. Importance of ISRO will supercede Chinese Space organisation.
7. Last but not the least, ISRO will gain supremacy in Asia and the World in the field of space research and advancements.